Women's Rights

In the decades since Jane Addams, Crystal Eastman, and Helen Keller worked with other civil libertarians to found the American Civil Liberties Union, the expansion of women’s rights has become a core part of the ACLU’s mission. Women have sought the right to control one’s own body, to have equal educational and economic opportunities, and to fair treatment under the criminal justice system.

Heartbeat Bill Fails in Ohio House

House Bill 248 (HB 248), commonly known as the “Heartbeat Bill,” was first introduced in the 2013-2014 session of the Ohio House in August of 2013. This is an extremely invasive bill that aimed to ban abortions in Ohio once ...

House Bill 248 (HB 248), commonly known as the “Heartbeat Bill,” was first introduced in the 2013-2014 session of the Ohio House in August of 2013. This is an extremely invasive bill that aimed to ban abortions in Ohio once a fetal heartbeat is detected, which can be as early as six weeks. The bill contained no exceptions for survivors of sexual violence or incest. While it claimed there was an exception to prevent the death or serious harm of the pregnant woman, it still subjected the woman and the physician performing the abortion to government unnecessary and intrusive scrutiny. It was sponsored by Reps. Christina Hagan (R., Alliance) and Lynn Wachtmann (R., Napoleon).

 

The bill was passed out of the House Health and Aging Committee in a party-line vote of 11 to 6 on November 20, 2014, during the lame duck session of the Ohio General Assembly. On December 10, 2014, HB 248 failed on the House floor. For more information, visit our legislative page.

“Equal Pay for Equal Work” Remains Elusive for Women in the Workplace

Every year, Equal Pay Day reminds us of the number of extra days a woman in the U.S. must work before she is paid the same amount as the average man. It has been more than fifty years since ...

Every year, Equal Pay Day reminds us of the number of extra days a woman in the U.S. must work before she is paid the same amount as the average man.

It has been more than fifty years since the signing of the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and women across the nation are still fighting for basic paycheck equality.

In Ohio, Democrats are currently pushing for an Ohio Equal Pay Act to bring the state in line with the Lilly Ledbetter Act of 2009. 

Nationally, the Paycheck Fairness Act was recently defeated in the Senate for the third time. Nevertheless, the ACLU helped persuade the President to issue an executive order banning retaliation against employees of federal contractors for disclosing or inquiring about their wages.

This executive order is no substitute for the Paycheck Fairness Act, but it will help encourage compliance with existing equal pay laws.

Learn more about how the Paycheck Fairness Act would help women secure equal pay for equal work.

ACLU of Ohio Files Suit Against Budget Amendments that Restrict Reproductive Rights

On October 9, 2013, the ACLU of Ohio filed a lawsuit challenging several abortion-related amendments inserted into the massive 2013 state budget bill (HB 59). One of the amendments ...

On October 9, 2013, the ACLU of Ohio filed a lawsuit challenging several abortion-related amendments inserted into the massive 2013 state budget bill (HB 59).

One of the amendments in question bans public hospitals from making transfer agreements with abortion clinics. Another requires clinics to follow a government script when dealing with patients and to present those patients with evidence of a fetal heartbeat before performing an abortion or face criminal charges. A third amendment creates a new state “parenting and pregnancy” program that siphons state money directly to private organizations that are forbidden from mentioning abortion services.

These amendments have no place in a state budget bill. In fact, they violate the Ohio Constitution’s “single subject rule,” which mandates that legislation deal with only one issue, the appropriation of funds for existing government programs or obligations.

The abortion debate will no doubt continue, but allowing the legislature to violate the constitution in order to get what they want ultimately hurts us all.

That’s why this litigation is about reproductive justice and good government. You don’t have to be pro-choice to understand that the business of the legislature should be conducted above board and in the full light of day.

Backlash against Reproductive Rights

The Ohio General Assembly has passed two bills that further curtail Ohio women’s reproductive rights, including a ban on abortions after 24 weeks and a ban on abortions performed in public hospitals. Other bills, including the “Heartbeat Bill,” are pending.

The Ohio General Assembly has passed two bills that further curtail Ohio women’s reproductive rights, including a ban on abortions after 24 weeks and a ban on abortions performed in public hospitals. Other bills, including the “Heartbeat Bill,” are pending.

In the decades since Jane Addams, Crystal Eastman, and Helen Keller worked with other civil libertarians to found the American Civil Liberties Union, the expansion of women’s rights has become a core part of the ACLU’s mission. Women have sought the right to control one’s own body, to have equal educational and economic opportunities, and to fair treatment under the criminal justice system.

“Equal Pay for Equal Work” Remains Elusive for Women in the Workplace

Every year, Equal Pay Day reminds us of the number of extra days a woman in the U.S. must work before she is paid the same amount as the average man. It has been more than fifty years since ...

Every year, Equal Pay Day reminds us of the number of extra days a woman in the U.S. must work before she is paid the same amount as the average man.

It has been more than fifty years since the signing of the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and women across the nation are still fighting for basic paycheck equality.

In Ohio, Democrats are currently pushing for an Ohio Equal Pay Act to bring the state in line with the Lilly Ledbetter Act of 2009. 

Nationally, the Paycheck Fairness Act was recently defeated in the Senate for the third time. Nevertheless, the ACLU helped persuade the President to issue an executive order banning retaliation against employees of federal contractors for disclosing or inquiring about their wages.

This executive order is no substitute for the Paycheck Fairness Act, but it will help encourage compliance with existing equal pay laws.

Learn more about how the Paycheck Fairness Act would help women secure equal pay for equal work.

Patents on Breast Cancer Genes

In May 2009, the ACLU and the Public Patent Foundation filed a lawsuit charging that patents on two human genes associated with breast and ovarian cancer are unconstitutional and invalid. The suit charges that the patents stifle diagnostic ...

In May 2009, the ACLU and the Public Patent Foundation filed a lawsuit charging that patents on two human genes associated with breast and ovarian cancer are unconstitutional and invalid. The suit charges that the patents stifle diagnostic testing and research that could lead to cures and that they limit women’s options for medical care. On July 29, 2011, a U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that the patents were valid. The ACLU had not yet determined if it will appeal. Updates and more information about the case are available here.

Supreme Court Ruling Enabling Employment Discrimination

The Supreme Court decided in Wal-Mart v. Dukes that women who had faced discriminatory practices at Wal-Mart could not proceed with a class action lawsuit. The ACLU and other civil rights organizations had urged the Supreme Court to ...

The Supreme Court decided in Wal-Mart v. Dukes that women who had faced discriminatory practices at Wal-Mart could not proceed with a class action lawsuit. The ACLU and other civil rights organizations had urged the Supreme Court to allow the suit to proceed. As it stands, the decision will make it significantly more difficult for victims of discrimination to seek redress.