HB 36 – Ohio Pastors “Protection” Act (2017-2018)
To amend section 3101.08 of the Revised Code to provide that an ordained or licensed minister or religious society is not required to solemnize a marriage and a religious society is not required to allow any building or property of the religious society to be used to host a marriage ceremony if the marriage does not conform to the ordained or licensed minister's or religious society's sincerely held religious beliefs, to provide that an ordained or licensed minister or religious society is not subject to civil or criminal liability for such a denial, and to provide that the state and political subdivisions may not penalize or withhold benefits to an ordained or licensed minister or religious society for such a denial.
Link to Bill:https://www.legislature.ohio.gov/legislation/legislation-summary?id=GA132-HB-36
HB 286 restates religious leaders’ existing First Amendment right to decline to perform weddings that violate their religious beliefs or moral tenants. In addition, this legislation would allow “religious societies” to deny the use of religious buildings and property for any wedding they feel does not adequately conform to their religious beliefs. The bill does not define the term “religious societies.”
Primary Sponsors:Rep. Vitale (R)
Secondary Sponsors:Rep. Antani (R), Rep. Becker (R), Rep. Brenner (R), Rep. Brinkman (R), Rep. Butler (R), Rep. Conditt (R), Rep. Dean (R), Rep. Goodman (R), Rep. Hagan (R), Rep. Henne (R), Rep. Hill (R), Rep. Hood (R), Rep. Householder (R), Rep. Keller (R), Rep. Koehler (R), Rep. Merrin (R), Rep. Patmon (D), Rep. Retherford (R), Rep. Riedel (R), Rep. Roegner (R), Rep. Romanchuk (R), Rep. Schaffer (R), Rep. Sprague (R), Rep. Thompson (R), Rep. Wiggam (R), Rep. Young (R), Rep. Zeltwanger (R)
Committee:Community and Family Advancement (H)
LSC Legislation Status:https://www.legislature.ohio.gov/legislation/legislation-status?id=GA132-HB-36
Our take on this bill:
The ACLU of Ohio opposes this unnecessary legislation, which may open the door for discrimination against LGBTQ people under the guise of protecting religious liberty.
To be clear, religious leaders’ right to decline to perform weddings is already protected by the First Amendment and Article I of Ohio’s Constitution. Despite HB 36’s underlying implications to the contrary, pastors’ right to choose who they marry is not under attack.
However, HB 36 is not merely a redundant piece of legislation that restates a well-established and unchallenged right. The bill includes dangerously vague language allowing “religious societies” to selectively determine who can use their buildings and property for marriage ceremonies, even if these facilities are commercially open to the public. This provision would seemingly allow churches and groups associated with a particular religion to deny same-sex couples access to non-worship spaces like gazebos and halls. The ACLU of Ohio strongly believes that when these church-owned spaces are advertised and open for public use, they should be made available to all members of the public.
Religious freedom and LGBT rights are not incompatible. No clergy person has been forced against their will to perform a gay marriage ceremony. However, LGBT Ohioans are being denied housing, employment, and public accommodations because of who they are, and are not protected from this discrimination under Ohio law. Our legislators should focus on eliminating this unequal treatment, rather than trying to pass divisive and redundant legislation that targets a nonexistent problem.
Introduced in the House on 2/7/17
Referred to the House Community & Family Advancement Committee on 2/8/17
Received Committee hearings on 2/8/17, 2/15/17, and 2/21/17