Reproductive Freedom on the Docket

Preterm, et al. v. Yost, et al.

Read our May 15, 2019 complaint and motion for a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction.

Read the July 3, 2019 order granting our motion for a preliminary injunction.

Case Dates:
Wednesday, 15 May, 2019 - ongoing

On April 10, 2019 the Ohio Legislature passed Senate Bill 23, called the “Heartbeat Bill,” and Governor DeWine signed the bill into law on April 11. The bill, effectively a total ban on abortion, was scheduled to take effect on July 10, 2019.
The ban criminalizes abortion after a fetal heartbeat is detectable, typically around 6 weeks of pregnancy (about 2 weeks after a missed period).

Legal Theory:

The United States Supreme Court has repeatedly and unequivocally held that, under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, a state may not ban abortion prior to viability of the fetus.


On May 15, 2019 we filed our Complaint in the Southern District of Ohio, along with a Motion for Temporary Restraining Order or Preliminary Injunction. Plaintiffs are Preterm-Cleveland, Planned Parenthood Southwest Ohio Region, Planned Parenthood of Greater Ohio, Dr. Sharon Liner, Capital Care Network of Toledo, and Women’s med Group Professional Corporation. Defendants are Ohio Attorney General David Yost, the State Medical Board of Ohio, Ohio Department of Health, and County Prosecutors for Franklin, Hamilton, Cuyahoga, Mahoning, Richland, Lucas, and Muskingum counties. Defendants submitted their opposition to the Motion on June 5. We filed our reply on June 19.

On July 8, the Court granted our Motion for Preliminary Injunction. Defendants Ohio Department of Health, State Medical Board of Ohio, and Ohio Attorney General Dave Yost filed their Answer on August 12. On August 20, Plaintiffs filed a Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings and Permanent Injunction. The Court granted Defendants’ request to extend their deadline to respond to that motion, and they subsequently filed their opposition brief on October 10. On October 24, we filed our Reply in Support of our Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings. We now await a ruling.

On December 20 we filed a Notice of Supplemental Authority, informing the Court of recent developments in several other abortion ban cases across the country.