LGBT Rights on the Docket

Ray et al. v. Himes et al.

Read the complaint in Ray et al. v. Himes et al.

Case Dates:
Thursday, 29 March, 2018 - ongoing

Ohio, Tennessee, and Puerto Rico are the only U.S. jurisdictions that do not allow transgender people to correct the gender marker on their birth certificates. A birth certificate is an identity document routinely used for many purposes. Ohio provides all other individuals born in the state with a birth certificate that accurately reflects their gender identity and other information. Transgender people, however, are denied this right. Because transgender Ohioans can correct their gender markers on other key identity documents including Ohio drivers’ licenses, and on federal documents such as passports and social security cards – and because transgender people are typically perceived by others accurately and consistent with their gender identity – an incorrect gender marker on their birth certificates discloses their transgender status. This unwanted revelation of extremely personal and intimate information causes transgender people to suffer discrimination in housing and employment, invasions of privacy, harassment, humiliation, stigma, and even violence.

Legal Theory:

Ohio’s refusal to provide transgender individuals with birth certificates that accurately reflect their gender violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, their rights of privacy and personal autonomy established by the Due Process Clause, and their First Amendment right to refrain from speaking by compelling them to disclose their transgender status and to identify with a gender that misrepresents who they are.


On March 29, 2018, we filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio, along with a Motion to Proceed Anonymously for one of our Plaintiffs. Plaintiffs are four transgender people born in Ohio who have suffered harm as a result of their incorrect birth certificates: Stacie Ray, Basil Argento, Ashley Breda, and Jane Doe. Defendants are Ohio Department of Health’s director Lance Himes and the Office of Vital Statistics’ chief and state registrar. On April 5 the Court granted our Motion to Proceed Anonymously and a protective order guarding Jane Doe’s identity from public access. On May 22 Defendants filed a Stipulated Notice of Extension of Time to respond to our complaint. On June 15 Defendants filed a Notice that Calfee, Hunter, & Griswold would represent them instead of the Ohio Attorney General’s Office and, as such, filed another Unopposed Motion for Extension of Time to respond to the complaint.

On July 6, 2018 Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss. On July 27 we filed our Opposition to their Motion to Dismiss, and Defendants’ reply is due August 1.

The parties held the 26(f) conference on June 25 and filed our Rule 26(f) Report on July 9. The initial pretrial conference occurred on July 18.

On July 20 Defendants filed a Motion to Stay Discovery pending a ruling on Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss, as well as an Emergency Motion for Interim Stay of Discovery pending a ruling on the Motion to Stay Discovery.

On August 2 the Court granted Defendants’ Motion for an Interim Stay. On October 10 the Court denied Defendants’ Motion to Stay Discovery. We had propounded our initial discovery requests upon defendants prior to the Pretrial conference, and they are now due November 9. After Defendants’ motion to stay was denied, the parties exchanged initial disclosures. We await a ruling on Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss.